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Lower Back Pain
Low back pain can be caused by accident, lifting something heavy, or by conditions related to the spine. Chronic back persists for over 12 weeks while acute back pain normally has a timetable of 4-12 weeks.
* Stiffness or constricted movements
* Dull aching pain
* Pain that travels down the legs
* Pain worsens when sitting for long periods of time
Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal cord in the lumbar and cervical spine. It is normally caused by wear and tear of the spine usually related to osteoarthritis. Common symptoms include:
For Cervical Spine
* Neck Pain
* Difficulty with walking or maintaining balance
* Tingling of extremities such as arms and legs
* Weakness in hands, arms, feet, or legs
For Lumbar Spine
* Back Pain
* Tingling of foot or leg and can also have numbness
* Cramping or pain of foot or leg when standing or walking for long periods of time; cramping or pain lessens when a person sits or bends down
Chronic Pain Syndrome
Chronic Pain Syndrome is characterized by prolonged pain longer than the expected healing time. It can also affect a person’s daily life such as feeling depressed, lack of sleep, tiredness or fatigue, and loss of interest in activities or even libido.
* Muscle pain
* Joint pain
* Sharp pain
* Tingling or burning sensation in other parts of the body
Spondylosis is the general term for many age-related degenerative problems in the spine. Bone spurs (abnormal formation of bones) may occur, as well as the wear and tear of ligaments and discs. Some of the risk factors in developing spondylosis includes having sedentary lifestyle, smoking, having mental health conditions, obesity or overweight, injured spine, having a job that requires repetitive movements such as lifting or carrying.
* muscle spasms
* loss of balance
* difficulty walking
* pain when stationary for long periods of time
Sciatica refers to the pain that occurs when a nerve is pinched due to herniated discs or bone spurs. The pain can radiate down the sciatica nerve which travels down the legs. Radiculopathy is a pinched nerve in the spine that causes many symptoms. It can develop from an injury or bone spurs and herniated discs.
* Numbness and tingling
* shooting/radiating pain down the leg or lower back (Sciatica)
* muscle weakness
* shooting pain in the rib or side of the body (Radiculopathy)
* pain in the neck, shoulder, or arm (Radiculopathy)
This is an age-related condition where the discs between the vertebrae in the spine begin to degenerate or deteriorate. The discs act as a cushion or shock absorber for movements. The deterioration of the discs causes some symptoms which can include:
* Pain and weakness in the back or neck
* Muscle spasms
* Intense pain and flare-ups
* Pain that worsens when lifting, carrying, twisting, bending
* Numbness of extremities
Lumbar radiculitis is a disease involving the lumbar spinal nerve root. This can occur when the root is compressed due to other conditions such as spinal stenosis and other degenerative diseases.
* Loss of reflexes
Failed Back Surgery Syndrome/Post-Laminectomy
Patients who suffer from this sometimes have new or persistent pain after spinal surgery to correct some abnormality in the area which causes arm, shoulders, back, or leg pain.
* Persistent backaches
* Numbness of extremities
* Leg pain
* Sharp pain in the back, legs, or arms
Phantom Limb Pain
Phantom Limb Pain refers to the condition where continued pain is felt in the limb that is no longer there. Triggers such as stress, changes in the weather, infection, pressure on the amputated area, and fatigue can make the pain worse.The nerve endings in the amputated part of the body continues to send pain signals to the brain. The brain then thinks the limb is still there. The pain can be mild to severe and can last for a long time.
* Burning pain
* Shooting pain
A herniated disk also called slipped or ruptured disk is a naturally occurring degeneration of ligaments in between the disks due to wear and tear. A major strain or injury can also cause this to happen. Therefore, a simple twisting movement can sometimes cause the disk to rupture. This rupture can put pressure on the spinal nerves which can produce severe pain that radiates down the body.
* Back pain
* Numbness or tingling of the foot or leg
* Weakness in the leg or foot
* Burning pain in shoulders or arm
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
CRPS causes very intense pain in the extremities. It is chronic pain (pain lasting more than 6 months) and is believed to be a result of a malfunction in the central and peripheral nervous system. Some cases of CRPS are mild and eventually go away while others experience long-term pain.
* Stiffness in the joints
* Coordination problems
* Burning sensation in the affected limb
* Changes in skin temperature and color
* Extreme sensitivity in the affected area (simple contact with the skin on the affected area can be very painful)
* Swelling of the joints
This condition occurs when the nerves connecting the brain and the spinal cord are damaged. This causes numbness and pain to the extremities. There are many causes of Peripheral Neuropathy including poor nutrition, chronic alcoholism, certain medications, auto-immune diseases, hereditary disorders, diabetes, and more.
* Muscle weakness
* Sensitivity to touch
* Sharp, electric shock-like pain
* Burning/freezing pain
* Coordination problems
* Abnormalities in blood pressure
* Muscle cramps
* Difficulty walking or weakness
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain all over the body. Those who suffer from this have abnormal pain perception processing. Patients are more sensitive to pain than those who don’t have this condition. The exact cause of Fibromyalgia is unknown, although some studies suggest that genetic factors may be involved. Traumatic events and repetitive injuries are also thought to contribute to the development of this condition.
* Depression and Anxiety
* Problems with memory and concentration
* Pain all over the body
MPS involves localized pain in the muscle tissue. It is a chronic pain condition that has trigger spots that cause localized pain. These trigger points are caused by repetitive muscle strain, injury, or psychological stress. Other triggering factors may include smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, fatigue, nutritional deficiencies, depression, anxiety, and poor posture.
* Painful knots in the muscle
* Sleep problems
* Muscle pain
* Weakness or stiffness in muscles
* Referred pain
* Persistent pain or worsens over time
Trigeminal Neuralgia is an extremely painful condition that affects the facial nerves. It is caused by blood vessels pressing on the trigeminal nerve (nerve that conducts sensations in the parts of the face). The pain can be triggered by contact of the face as simple of eating, drinking, smiling, washing the face, or even a slight breeze.
* Electric shock-like pain
* Anxiety brought on by anticipating pain that can occur at any time
* Relief in between episodes
* Tingling or numbness before an attack starts
* Pain spasms
* Pain that occurs regularly and intensifies over time